ART ONE 1: Civilization cauldron of World War III
The replacement of ideological struggles with the clash of civilizations
There is a clash of civilizations. As evidenced, from the 80s, the rise of fundamentalist Islam and Hinduism and the "réindigénisation" of the world. The two universal civilizations, the West and Islam, clash, triggering World War III.
The citizen of the world into the wind
As the elite of the past, the citizen of the world is walking the nose to the wind, and can now stroll everywhere, even in China.Dressed in shorts or Youppi, he was now able to access all corners of the planet, to all civilizations. Bin Laden, September 11, 2001, suddenly broke the dreams of the Citizen of the world.Suddenly, a holy anger took hold of all Americans, and Citizen of the World does not want to wander at the foot of the Egyptian pyramids, the Tunisian island of Djerba or the medieval streets of Sanaa in Yemen. He and his wife for fear of being slaughtered by Islamic fundamentalists who consider them to be "infidels." It is clear that the planet is responsible for electricity: Israeli-Palestinian conflict, return of the Oslo Accords, Iraq war, face to face India and Pakistan, Islamic terrorism everywhere .... But he does not want to think about World War III, as in 1789 no one doubt that a revolution in France ignite Europe until 1815, in 1914 the assassination of Austrian Archduke generate a major conflict: World War, in 1939, following the gesture of Hitler to launch his troops to attack the unfortunate Poland that Britain declare war to become the deadliest of the Mankind: World War II. International life, he thinks. was punctuated by institutions for consultation, dialogue, coordination in the political, economic and social: UN, IMF, World Bank, etc. .. Internet and creating an explosion of individual exchanges. Many safeguards put the planet under the control of reason. However, humanity has become a chaotic and unstable environment, more than ever, because the temperature rises everywhere.
And September 11, occurred the threshold effect: The Third World War began. Although the lessons of the past are unknown to him, the poison of doubt creeps in now in the Global Citizen.
The Clash of Civilizations: a return of determinism
"To imagine the universal peace," said the philosopher and political scientist Raymond Aron, "we must find, by imagination, peoples and states converted to the same political and religious truth." We are very far, as evidenced by "The Clash of Civilizations" is the title of a best-seller published in 1995 by an American professor at Harvard University, Samuel Huntingdon. A
These are the civilizations that caused this Third World War. A civilization is the highest form of human organization and includes the village, tribe, ethnic group, region, and nation (even more).Alchemy is a pinnacle of culture and religion. The latter plays an important role and it gives secularized Christianity, which irrigates largely political and social life and has left countless conditioned reflexes.
There are seven civilizations: Western, Orthodox, Islamic, Hinduism, Confucian, Japanese, African.
West and Slav-orthodox world: common values
Western civilization and Orthodox are close cousins: they share the same values, derived from the Judeo-Christian mold. With variations: Westerners attribute a central place to individual liberty, while the Orthodox community are.
The genesis of the West, western Christianity. Its components include: Europe, North America and Latin America.Accompanying New Zealand and Australia. The result of the crossing of external influences made a Western civilization that favors freedom, individualism, democracy. It gives central place to the right. She gave birth to modernity, characterized by the rationalization of production and trade development. It is a cocktail which each element is found isolated in one or another civilization. That the meeting in a single mixture of all these ingredients that makes it special. A reason to fight and die in this Third World War is individualism, so liberties.
The West was at the same time benefactor and rogue. Not his benefactor colonial doctors (clinics, vaccines, antibiotics), through its engineering (roads, bridges, railways, irrigation, drinking water). Rogue by the looting of raw materials, the mechanization of the industry that killed production in poor countries using archaic methods of work.
The West is universal.
The West today is threatened by an extremely serious crisis of values. His religiosity has declined. She became the Grand Bazaar U.S. McDonald's, Hollywood, porn movies, a short-materialism, hedonism without sublimation, sell more and more, constantly sharpening the appetites of drinking to stupor. This causes over-consumption of anxiolytics and a surge in suicide statistics. The loss of the sense of effort the threat.
The shock is there. The global village McLuhan was not soothing.The arrival of the stars of X-TV screens of the villages most puritanical of Islam or India is a trauma. The West collides sensitivities. It exacerbates the revanchist fury. He pours half naked tourists on the streets of Yemen and Morocco. In the opposite direction, he accepted a Immigration capitalist in search of the feast. Civilizations refuse the Westernization of values (democracy, women's liberation, secularism).
Orthodox civilization, born a thousand years ago, is present in varying degrees in Russia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Georgia, Czech Republic, Poland, Albania and Orthodox communities living in the United States, Canada, Argentina, Australia and in France. Orthodox civilization is very close to that of the West.Born of a theological dispute, the "Great Schism" of 1054, Eastern Christians refuse: the idea that the Holy Spirit proceeds from both God the Father and his son Jesus Christ, purgatory, the immaculate conception of Mary, the supremacy of the Pope and his infallibility in matters of dogma. The structure is pyramidal, but led by a Primate corresponding to countries where there are churches. Apart from that, they accept the other Catholic creed defined by the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople. That is the metaphysical differences between Catholics and Orthodox are not abysmal. This is why the Byzantine liturgy has left traces in the West. To this is added the religious kinship cultural proximity, modernism of Western Europe, architecture, art, etc ... And this was not one-sided because the West has also been greatly influenced by the painting Orthodox, the choreography of the Russian ballet, the novels of writers Tolstoy. Dostoyevsky, ...
The famous Slavic soul is turned to contemplation, and mystical poetic impulse, a certain fatalism. The mental world of a French rationalist Voltaire obsessed checks and evidence or an intoxicated American Presbyterian work differ significantly from Russian Orthodox caregiver vodka, Prozac Slave, a bucolic mood happy. He sees in the West to be a cripple of selfishness, a heart withered by economic calculation, living in a society heavily materialistic and often crass mercantile atheist, who would win to revive the compassion and selflessness. He dreams of seeing his country to return to its traditional moral and political values.
During the course of its history a thousand years a much abused autocratic Russian Orthodoxy. Authoritarian regimes, aristocracies, who proceeds from the Czar, supported by a bloated bureaucracy promoted collectivism and submission to authority rather than individualism and taste of freedom. It is no coincidence that Marxism, conceived in the West, found its first niche in Russia.
The differences between Western and Orthodox civilizations justify that distinguishes them from each other. However, they are united by an extremely close relationship, which seals their common destiny. These two close cousins have to walk one step, through what might be called "New West".
Those who make no mistake, these are the Islamic fundamentalists: they do not go around the bush, they consider the Orthodox, as well as Catholics, Protestants, Jews, as "godless," " infidels ", the" cross "that must be fought without mercy. Unless they agree to convert to Islam.
Islam, a totalitarian theocracy
Islam does not separate the temporal from the spiritual. The "Sharia" (Islamic law) should apply to all aspects of life without exception. Proselytizing religion, Islam has set itself the task of converting all mankind, by persuasion or force.
Islam (the word means "the act of submitting to God") is based on the Koran, the word of God, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel. And the "Sunnah" (usually Arabic), consisting of words and deeds of Muhammad (and not God), not reported his companions as "hadiths" (traditions), which are short stories for inspirational purpose the faithful. It is not just a device that religious dogma is confined to the spiritual, but is involved in all aspects of the believer's life: the rights and obligations of the latter in the political, social, military, domestic, hygienic, moral ... are precisely defined by the "sharia". Islam shares with Judaism and Christianity several major tenets: belief in God, angels, revealed Books (the Bible, the Gospels), the Prophets and the Last Judgement. It excludes, however, original sin, the Christian Trinity and emphasizes the uniqueness and divine transcendence. Jesus is the Son of God, so divine, but a prophet like the others. Moreover, Islam reduced the free will to the bare minimum.
Islam believes that it has reached "religious unification" and is judged as such superior to Judaism and Christianity, perverted to him by tampering with the biblical texts and the shortcomings of his followers. He considers himself the best of existing religions, which is unsurpassable.
The Muslim world is divided into two trends: 900 million followers are Sunni Muslims who accept the first four caliphs, successors of Mohammed, and 100 million are Shias who do not accept, and believe that the first caliph should be Ali, cousin, son in law of Mohammed assassinated in 661. The differences are political and doctrinal. In terms of doctrine attribute to the Shia Imam, among others, a more important role than the Sunnis, they consider it not only as a leader, but as the heir to the innate features of the Prophet.
The jewel is the "house of Islam" (dar al-Islam) where Muslims to exercise sovereignty and political power, others pay a special tax, the prohibition to carry arms, to order a "real believer, "to express their faith and non-Muslim must submit completely to the temporal power of Islam. Muhammad was adamant: "You form the best community brought about by the men you command what is right, you condemn what is evil" (Quran III, 110). In the "dar al-Islam" the time is totally subservient to the spiritual, the religious politics. God is Caesar. Canon law must control the entire political life. The concept of secular state is foreign to Islam.Outside in the "dar al-Harb" is the "war zone", that is to say a geographical, legal, political and spiritual dominated not by Muslims but by the "godless "" infidels, which are the lower portion of humanity. "All without exception will be thrown into the fire of hell, where, immortal, they will remain. Those are the worst of humanity "Qur'an (XCVIII, 6). A Muslim living in the "dar al-Harb" must shake off the yoke of the infidel policy when it is able to do so. Refrain would be a mistake: "Do not call in
peace while you have the superior "(Quran XLVII, 35). The least we can say is that this principle is not likely to promote the integration of the good Muslim Western societies.
There is no need to auscultate the professions of faith the most fundamentalist to find the source of legitimacy ideological conflicts that tear nations populated by Muslims and non-Muslims.According to orthodox Islamic Sharia must at all costs, ultimately prevail over humanity impure. Islamism is a political-religious movement, a totalitarian theocracy with a draft global conquest.
Warlike and conquering religion, Islam was from the beginning, having been born in war, Muhammad mingled with more than eighty fighting against the infidels. Unlike Christ, Buddha or Confucius, it was not limited to preaching, he was a virulent war leader. Mohammed, founder of religion, had shed blood repeatedly to impose his detractors Jews and pagans of Arabia of "ignorance", the pre-Islamization.
In the context of the expansion of Islam, Sunni jurists dynasties fignolèrent the troubling concept of "jihad", "holy war", inspired by the Koran. As a canonical principle, it is unique to Islam. There is the "greater jihad" is a Muslim's personal struggle for the moral and religious development. There is the "lesser jihad" offensive on the fight outside the military action, which is the "holy war" a central element of his practice to defend the "dar al-Islam" threatened by non-Muslims, or to attack the service of expanding the domain of Islam. "Make war on those who do not believe in God nor the Last Day, who do not regard as forbidden what God and His Apostle have forbidden, and those of the men of the Scriptures who do not profess the true religion" (Sura IX, Repentance, verse 29.). The "offensive jihad" applies to all forms of war and involved only professional soldiers or volunteers rushed by religious zeal. The acceptance of martyrdom is inseparable from a call to fight: the believers who die for their faith, they defend it, or they suffer persecution, go directly to heaven: "Do not think that those who died fighting in the paths of God are dead: they live close to God and receive their food from him "(Sura III, the Family of Imran, verse 163). The Ulema, Doctor of Islamic law, can trigger the "jihad". Each cleric, Islam having no supreme leader, is responsible to God and community, he is entitled to proclaim as a function of political interests taking him to heart. His flock are free to follow or not.
There is a spirit of religion, as there is a spirit of laws. That of Islam is violence. To claim that Islam is a peaceful religion is not to look at reality, or use the jargon: the Quran contains hundreds of verses that are an incitement to murder. And history of Islam is that of its weapons.
Christianity also has blood on his hands: the massacres inflicted by Charlemagne to the Saxon pagans to convert, inhuman wars between Catholics and Protestants, the Crusades to reconquer the Holy Sepulchre, not to mention the religious persecution inflicted by conquistadores Spanish for Native Americans. But it drifts from the founding text. "If one strikes you on the right cheek, turn the left cheek," said Jesus Christ.
In addition to this hard-Islam of the early days, there is a benevolent Islam, peaceful, it has committed in the way of flexibility and tolerance. Islam millions of Muslims today who aspire to the emancipation of women in a religious calm, a peaceful existence in a window on the world. Islam kind of men and women of good will, peace-loving and learning. This Islam-there needs to reform its religious dogmas, theological modernization. And since there is no centralized religious authority would be able to declare a change of dogmas, a gulf is widening between these aspirations then a freer life and traditional Islam and more fundamentalist Islam. The latter takes care of hatred against what he considers the work of Satan, as evidenced in Algeria for example, the killing of non-veiled women or miniskirts.
However, once a reformist current, the source of great intellectual vigor in the Islamic world, inspired a powerful Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. In those days, despite the wars between Christianity to Islam established a strong rapport between the intellectual elites of the two civilizations. The catalyst for these discussions was the development of philosophy in the Islamic world. The intellectuals of classical Islam were generalists: they aspired to the knowledge of the universe and the celebration of the fundamental unity of man reflects God's. Islam experienced a golden age. Subsequently, while Europe is modernizing, Islam asleep, because of the complete lack of autonomy from the absolute power which paralyzed the initiative and entrepreneurship, and did not jump in the train of modernity.The Golden Age was a distant memory.
In 1979 broke out, Iran's first Islamist revolution: it established the most important modern theocracy, and gave the signal for the revival of Islam in politics. Imam Ruhollah Khomeini had emerged during the riots against the Shah who had modernized the economy at a rapid pace, and following the increase in oil prices, the Shah: accelerated urbanization, Westernization of the country, encouraged the empowerment of women and the modernization of education, to the chagrin of the Shiite clergy. The new Islamic regime marked the minds: torture, executions (often public) opposition and adulterous women, ban alcohol, listen to music, closing cinemas, hair salons, nightclubs . Longer a question of vanity: veiled women should get out. Since the death of Khomeini, the ayatollahs' regime turned to some relaxation, and with the new President Khatami, manners have become more free.
And while the return of Islam in politics seemed to settle down, another fundamentalist force, after the Sunni world, was on the rise: Wahhabism. Bedouin preacher thirsting for a return to the original purity of Islam, Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab, the 18th century, extremely rigid, prohibiting smoking, music, the closeness between men and women in public places, he imposed theIslamic beards for men, attacked the traditional legal schools. In Arabia, the Wahhabis extended their influence quickly, converting the refractory by violence, attacking Sunnis considered too warm and they treated the Shiites to inherit. Today, the Sunni in his acceptance whahhabite reigns over Saudi Arabia, thus 30% of world oil reserves. It was he who sent the planes into the Twin Towers and the Pentagon: Bin Laden is a Wahhabi.
Saudi Wahhabism uses the services of a moral police, cutting hands of thieves, outlaws alcohol. With its oil wealth, it contributes predominantly to the financing networks that are fundamentalist jihad. Wahhabism place his money in the West to make it grow, and he thinks only of destroying the West itself, in order to establish the kingdom of God worldwide. Wahhabism is financing the construction of mosques throughout the West and sends imams who preach holy war. But there can be no question of multiplying churches, temples and synagogues on its soil, the "dar al-Islam." Until 1970, Wahhabism was rejected by most of the Muslim world. Now he becomes the jurisdiction of Islamic proselytism. Relate to him, the Muslim Brotherhood, Al Qaeda, and all the networks called Islamists. The political project of neo-Wahhabi world conquest is the price of the supreme sacrifice, that of life. Islam is kidnapped by the Wahhabis.
As Western civilization, that of Islam is universal. It claims to impose its values on the entire planet. The result is a terrible shock the West-Islam. World War III comes straight out of Wahhabism, which armed the hand of bin Laden, with the complicity of the United States blind, suddenly returned to lucidity by the tragedy of September 11.
Quat in modern reforms, it is a very small influence in the mosques and madrassas. The gap is widening every day ... The tide has turned: individualism has become the source of all evils of Islam, democracy is not an obligatory renewal, the theory is the plot of the West, working methodically to the humiliation and ruin of institutions and culture of Islam and thus extends the explanation of economic and social failures.
For 20 years, all the Muslim states (except Tunisia and Turkey) have reintroduced Sharia law. Leaders of Arab and Muslim governments have long been held hostage by Islamic fundamentalists. The fundamentalists are partially masters of civil society. Thus President Mubarak leaves the Muslim Brotherhood in control of television programs, or some unions such as doctors, on censorship and the application of Sharia civil courts in Egypt. In Nigeria, the Sharia is applied in eleven states out of thirty. And the veil is spreading in urban areas where it was previously absent, as in Cairo or Istanbul. The Muslim Brotherhood politicians and / or are represented to the Government of Yemen, Sudan, Morocco, Algeria, Kuwait, Jordan.The new government of Turkey is led by the Islamist party. Islam considers religious affiliation as the sole criterion of identity.
Islamist calls for a re-Islamization of Arab-Muslims and, beyond, an Islamization of the entire planet. "Unbelief is one nation" tradition teaches.
Unlike the monotheist civilizations (Judea-Christian and Islamic) civilizations Hindu, Confucian, Japanese, and African are not universalists. Islam is faced with some of them, especially Hindu.
In the Indian subcontinent, Islam and Hinduism coexist in an indescribable atmosphere of hatred fueled by rampant historical disputes. The Indian subcontinent is a powder keg containing the states of India, Pakistan (from the partition of 1947) and Bangladesh (separated from Pakistan in 1971). It is nearly 386 million Muslims (one third of the global Muslim population) in vis-à-vis with the Hindus. Pakistan is "purely" Muslim with 150 million followers of this religion, Bangladesh has 125 million and India 111 million, making it the Muslim minority in the highest of the world in this huge country.
Hinduism was deeply influenced by the Vedic and Brahmanic.The Vedic Brahmanism is primitive, and Brahmanism is a religious and social organization of the Hindu population into four castes, depending on purity. The caste is determined by birth.The first three are the priests, kings and warriors, and merchants.These are the three prestigious status of class society. The fourth class, the farmers and artisans, has the servants of the previous three classes. Castes characterize the social and professional position of an individual, and how it should position themselves to religious rituals. The Hindu scriptures say that there is no fifth caste. What comes below are the outcasts and are considered untouchable, as unclean. Even today, the caste system regulates social relations in India. The "untouchability" was abolished, its practice in any form prohibited. The fundamental dogma of Brahmanism is the reincarnation: the soul can animate several successive bodies of humans or animals. It transmigrates. So every living being is determined by the totality of its past actions in previous lives (karma). Hinduism and feminism do not mix: in most of the caste system over the dowry. Hindu women are still under the yoke of brutal practices often very sexist; unpunished rape, violence, forced sterilizations, killings.
It is a dogma that the West India does not repudiate: that of democracy. It is the largest democracy in the world.
For fifteen years, hate prepares the Hindu and Muslim communities against each other, plunging the country-continent inexorably into civil war. The memory of the atrocities perpetrated by Muslim invaders in the twelfth century, resurfaced with extreme intensity, dopant Hindu resentment against Islam. Muslim conquerors regarded India as "idolatry," because polytheistic, so do not deserve any mercy. To them it was a land of booty, inexhaustible reservoir of slaves to the cities and temples covered with gold. It was also hundreds of thousands of new recruits for Islam, with forced conversions of mass mentality that is deeply offensive to Hindus, foreign to religious totalitarianism.Over time, the Muslim conquerors in the face of overwhelming numerical superiority of Hindu and Mongol invasions which cut off the Indian subcontinent their backs Middle East, became more receptive to Hindu civilization. Fertile flowers and an Indo-Muslim symbiosis both cultural, artistic and religious. Muslims also brought many components of the Persian civilization brillantissime: bureaucracy, culture, literature and arts. Also under the influence of Muslim masters there emerged the doctrine of syncretistic Nanak who gave birth to the Sikh community. Today, few Hindus want to remember the past Muslim influences.Memory does retain Hindu Muslim past that large-scale massacres, slavery and destruction of the artistic and religious heritage. All of this has surfaced during the partition of India and Pakistan, which was carried in the blood, at the revival of Hindu fundamentalist that emerged during the 1980s, and in 1992 when the Ayodhya mosque was destroyed by a Hindu mob in frenzy and clashes which caused more than 2,000 dead hatred generated by the massacre yet again surface as in February 2002, when fifty to eight Hindus were burnt alive in an attack by Muslim fanatics.
Hindu fundamentalism has an anti-modern, anti-Western nationalism. He systematically blocking the economic reforms, disagrees with the reduction in government subsidies, stricter labor laws. It is protectionism, populism and its theme is religious. Hindu and Muslim communities as two streams of bubbling lava. When the economic downturn has wiped out the Indian exports of IT products and pharmaceuticals to the West, the clash between Rama and Muhammad will replace entirely the economic and social debate.
Another controversy unfolds arc in the sky of India, that of 25.000 madrassas (Koranic school) illegal. They are a great propaganda tool for Islamic fundamentalists especially as each of their graduates can swarm by opening his own small school. The program taught based on learning by heart the Koran, the Hadith, the Islamic jurisprudence and commentary of the Qur'an. The government and the Hindu nationalist parties concerned as the system of madrassas is extremely dangerous for the Hindu community. This is a factory for fundamentalists. And is funded largely by money from abroad, including the Middle East.
Ayodhya, the madrassas, two nodal points of the political debate in India. But that's not all: there is Kashmir, which India and Pakistan Muslim domination are competing furiously. The two countries have the bomb so that the threat of nuclear escalation threatens the conflict that goes back to the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947. Nehru believed that the loss of Kashmir awaken latent secessionist movements in the Indian Union with more than one billion people and divide the country. The Paskistan also considers Kashmir as a cornerstone of national unity because without Kashmir ethnic minorities of the country would feel crushed by the Punjabi majority that are currently at 60%. These minorities are likely to shatter the unity of the country if Kashmir is not recovered. Kashmir is to India and Pakistan that was Alsace-Lorraine to France and Germany. The deal now is that General Musharrraf head paskitanais government, which is relatively moderate, will be overthrown by Islamic fundamentalists and the seizure of power by them almost automatically trigger nuclear conflict between India and Pakistan.
Pakistan (land of the pure) is governed by an Islamist constitution putting the country under the control of Sharia law. He was born of a desire secessionist typical Muslim mentality, August 14, 1947, refusing to be part of India. The Pakistan Allah over the atomic bomb: the nuclear power in the Islamic world and it has twenty-five nuclear warheads. Following the September 11, the White House summoned Musharraf to choose sides. He had to make a 180 degree turn, abandon the policy of support for the Taliban and dismiss hundreds of senior intelligence and military. In return, the Americans rained dollars on Pakistan and strongly reduced its debt.
Islamic fundamentalism is everywhere in this country. Not only among the masses, but also in the organs of the state: the police, secret services, military, government (all levels). Pakistan's policy seeks to stoke the fire in Kashmir to counter India and fuel the underground madrassas in Kashmiri crazy Allah willing to die for jihad against the Hindus. Pakistani leaders use the Islamic proselytism as a tool of foreign policy.
The vagaries of the Yellow River for thousands of years have imposed the construction and maintenance of dams. It is "the tyranny hydraulic." This required strong hierarchical organization of millions of supervisors, farmers, and officials who command them. The success of the hierarchy in this organization was a sign of an immanent coming down under the Emperor to the humblest subject. This bureaucracy, virtually unchanged, based on a moral, more intellectual, Confucianism.
Confucius put highlight the good man, the landowner, Lord. He embodied integrity, measurement, and the administrative authority. He was a scholar, a poet, and general prefect. The good man was, par excellence, the curator of the rites which kept up the hydraulic system, a huge and complex, China.
The social stratification of classical China was as follows: the scholar, the farmer, the artisan, the merchant. The soldier, often ineffective against the northern barbarians, prone to rebellion in the south, did not even appear in the rankings. This atmosphere was conducive to the development of a delicate thought, often right in his assessments, and the development of arts flamboyant: a major civilization and fascinating. But it also locked up in China a totalitarian ideology: it enjoyed one of the benefits of the sun.
From the advent of the Republic in 1911, let alone the communist regime in 1949, the Confucian ideal of the good man was also probably more meaningful. However, it lives on through the cult of personality surrounding a leader of Maoist China as former Premier Zhou Enlai: statesman and letters to the extreme refinement. China remained a bureaucracy totalizing, closed political influence, regarding themselves as the "Middle Kingdom": she sees the world through a distorting lens that gives of itself a positive image.
Its rapid economic growth of the decade ninety inspired him, prematurely, the project to become the leading world power. But she forgets that she still belongs to the third world, the precarious economic development newborn to be eroded by the economic crisis. China is and will remain a foreign concept to fully open trade, to the intrinsic importance of flows. It is continental Physiocratic, interventionist and monetarist. His foreign policy has not changed: multilateralism is little heard from since concentrically weigh on its neighbors, step by step. Formerly, she was surrounded by small kingdoms that it was easy to vassals.But today, giants populate the horizon: India, Japan, Russia and the United States, whose power is not commensurate with his.
China and the United States will be face to face, in the Third World War.
To speak like a Zen monk, Japanese civilization is an enigma quite clear. Myths are the pantheon of Japan, which plays a major role even today in the Japanese consciousness. It was not until 1945 that the Emperor admitted that he did not directly descended from the goddess Amaterasu Ododaikami. The Japanese are convinced that they have landed on their Asian archipelago there are twenty-five centuries at least. And to be perfectly homogeneous people, "pure", having never been received or the invasion of other groups of humans to a significant numerical importance. This view is somewhat mythical challenged by the most recent advances in historical research.
Writing VIIIième arrived from China in the century, and there followed a synthesis of a very complex way of writing Chinese with the Japanese language: it is typical of the spirit of any formal adaptation of the Japanese foreign contributions to who find the most suitable soil in Japan. The result was a series of miracles: Chinese culture with the infusion, institutional and military with the Meiji era in 1868 with the democratic and economic "Shogunate" U.S. General MacArthur in 1945. This quality is one of the highlights of a civilization also highly codified, where the feudal spirit remains very much alive. The modern lifestyle has not prevented many Japanese peculiarities continue. Neither the title nor the functions do not reveal much about Japan and the real powers are there, if anywhere, occult, doing personal relationships.
Confucianism did not in the archipelago that combines Buddhism and Shintoism. The influence of the Japanese experts in European science there can be counted as the introduction of written characters, and the establishment of the status of Emperor borrowed from China.
Although Japan has moved closer to China in the years ninety, allergy interplay between these two countries that have fought hard in the last century, remains very strong.
Japan will be alongside the West in the Third World War.
African civilization, originally animist, has been influenced Muslim. The penetration of Islam among the animist was first made to the Northwest (for Mauritania) and Southeast (by Comoros and Zanzibar). It has increased over the centuries to the Gulf of Guinea, in the Futa Jallon in the massif and tinder.
Christianity has, too, a great influence. First represented by the Eastern Churches Copts in Egypt and Ethiopia, he was released from the sixteenth century to the Gulf of Guinea, in Africa and Central and Eastern nineteenth century. Africans, and especially to Christianity to Islam, do not lose contact with their traditional religions, animists, still practiced by the third of them. Has established a religious syncretism between Christianity and animism.
Africa had to endure slavery. First one used by the Muslim slave traders, the early days of Islam until the nineteenth century, led thousands of slave caravans to the Arab-Muslim countries where they were sold in the markets. Europeans, also practiced the trade of black slaves on a large scale to provide their New World colonies in labor.
A gap between Africa and the Islamic Christian. The first worked by the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, it is becoming more and more second. In Nigeria and Sudan, the Islamists persecute Christians. Islamic totalitarianism evident in black Africa the same hegemonic and totalitarian tendencies elsewhere.
Africa is sinking into a slump as the Great Depression will push the peak. World War III will increase the ethnic and religious clashes. In disarray, Africa will be divided between the Western and Islamic camps.
The world s'indigène
The West reached the height of its power in the early twentieth century. The First World War was the beginning of its relative decline. World War II forced him to the decolonization process catalyzed by Soviet support, and substituted the European colonialism of the nineteenth century the American hegemony of the twentieth century.
In the former western colonies (as well as China and Japan), the elite of the first generation of modernizing, that of independence, had generally been formed and influenced in Western universities and an international language, English or the French in particular.They created there, in their own countries, universities in local languages and formed the bulk of the second generation.Graduates of these local universities bore evil domination of the first generation, approached opposition movements and rose growing against Western influence.
Pro-Western elites now succeeded elites who have undergone the process of "indigenization" that looked to customs, languages, beliefs and indigenous institutions rooted in history.The Chinese Confucianism créditèrent their remarkable economic growth. Economic growth in Asia prides itself Asians who imputed their successes to themselves, their respect for work, and authority and collective disciplines multimillennial inherited from their civilization. The Arab oil producers enjoyed a tsunami tidal wave of petrodollars through the oil shock of 1973.They conceived a great pride.
The eighties and ninety saw the indigenization come to the fore over the non-Western world, "re-Islamization" of Muslim societies, "Hinduization" of politics and society in India supportConfucianism by the Government of the Far East concerned with "Asianization" their society put forward the "Nihonjinron" in the Japanese archipelago, and in Russia, revival of Pan-Slavism.
To win elections, it is better not to post pro-Western leanings, but flatter populism: ethnic, nationalist and religious. This was particularly dramatic in the 1992 elections in Algeria, the army canceled to prevent the country from falling into the hands of Islamic fundamentalists by the ballot box.
At the UN World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna in June 1993, there were two camps: the European countries and North America in one, fifty non-Western states in the other. The countries of Latin America, Africa and Orthodox acted neutrally.The conference ended on a compromise text which was a win-Muslim Asia: This document contained no freedom of press, assembly and religion.
At the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, which brings together 170 countries in Durban, South Africa, from August 31 to September 8, 2001: The United States and Israel opposed to what thePalestinian issue be placed on the agenda, and withdrew, and the States and member countries of the European Community refused any equation of Zionism with racism in official documents, that Africans wished slavery is recognized as a "crime against humanity "and demanded financial compensation of Europeans, such as those obtained by the Jewish victims of the Holocaust. The Europeans agreed only to regret publicly practices. The debate, biased, has no application to slave civilization par excellence, Islam, which made slavery a cornerstone of its institutions. It is clear that Durban, there were two weights, two measures: the West was all wrong, its past demonized, while other civilizations had done nothing wrong.
While in the beginning of September 2001 primary anti-Westernism is unleashed in Durban, Islamic terrorists were finalizing preparations for the attack against the Twin Towers and the Pentagon, triggering World War III.
The last major international conference was the Earth Summit in Johannesburg, which ended September 4, 2002, officially dedicated to environmental problems. The declaration on sustainable development was delayed several hours by objections from developing countries who denounced the disappearance, in the latest draft of a sentence "foreign occupation" and "right of all peoples to sovereignty." Really everything is good to educate the political trial of the West. As a compromise, following an intense anti-Western guerrillas, the text was finally extended to include a reference to "foreign occupation" among the factors that "pose serious threats to sustainable development."